Envision Optical
Optometrist in QLD and NSW

Common Eye Conditions in Seniors

August 19, 2014
Posted By: Envision Optical

Seniors Week on the Gold Coast

This week we’re celebrating Seniors week on the Gold Coast. We see plenty of Gold Coast Seniors at Envision Optical with a wide variety of eye problems, so I thought I’d highlight some of the most common eye diseases we see in our optometry clinics across the Gold Coast at Nerang, Burleigh Heads, Burleigh Waters and Tweed Heads South.

Common Eye Conditions in Gold Coast Seniors

The normal ageing process sees some regular changes to our vision including a slow reduction in peripheral vision, gradual reduction in ability to see in low light levels, and an increased sensitivity to glare in bright sun.

Common eye diseases we see every day at Envision Optical include cataracts, macular degeneration, glaucoma and dry eyes.


Cataracts are something that everyone will eventually develop if they live long enough. They are clouding of the lens in the eye, which results from ageing, poor diet, smoking and excessive sun exposure. The symptoms of cataracts include gradually increasing blurred vision and increased sensitivity to sun glare. Cataracts eventually need to be treated by surgery to remove the cloudy lens.

Learn more with Gold Coast Optometrist Andrew Bowden, on the Envision Optical YouTube channel:  “What are Cataracts?”

Macular Degeneration

Macular degeneration is one of the leading causes of blindness and vision impairment in the world. It is the result of a breakdown in the sensitive retinal tissue in the central sight critical area called the macula. Blurred vision and distortions are the main symptom and if untreated, permanent scarring can cause severe vision loss. The main risk factors in macular degeneration are age, smoking, genetic history and poor diet. Sunglasses, nutritional supplementation and stopping smoking can all significantly reduce the risk of progression. Many treatments now exist that can successfully preserve vision at good levels.

Learn more with Gold Coast Optometrist Andrew Bowden, on the Envision Optical YouTube channel: “Macular Degeneration: Dry (Part 1)” & “Macular Degeneration: Wet (Part 2)”


Glaucoma is another leading cause of vision loss, which results from the progressive decaying of the nerve connecting the eye to the brain. The major risk factor for glaucoma is genetics, and the symptoms are basically that there are none in 99% of cases. Glaucoma is really only detected during a comprehensive eye examination and confirmed by specialized testing. Treatment is very successful and may consist of daily eyedrops or laser or surgical correction.

Learn more with Gold Coast Optometrist Andrew Bowden, on the Envision Optical YouTube channel: “Glaucoma Treatment and Testing”.

Dry Eyes

Dry eyes are one of the most common eye diseases. It is a dysfunctional tear film, which leads to significant ocular discomfort, irritation and blurred vision. There are multiple causes and associations of dry eyes. Treating the cause is the best path to relief, but the mainstays of dry eyes treatment are regular eye drops, gels, ointments, as well as nutritional supplementation aimed at reducing inflammation. There are a number of new treatments for dry eyes which are giving longer lasting relief and helping treat causes such as blepharitis including cleansing foams, heat goggles and in office eyelid cleaning.

Learn more with Gold Coast Optometrist Andrew Bowden, on the Envision Optical YouTube channel: “Dry Sore Eyes”

Prevention and Treatment for Gold Coast Seniors

All of these eye diseases are seen every week on the Gold Coast at Envision Optical. Comprehensive eye exams are the best way to ensure you have healthy eyes and we recommend annual exams once you’re over 65.